Artist research- Vincent Van Gogh and Expressionists

Van Gogh (though not an Expressionist) was one of the artists that influenced the Expressionism art movement.

VINCENT VAN GOGH KEY IDEAS

  • Van Gogh’s dedication to articulating the inner spirituality of man and nature led to a fusion of style and content that resulted in dramatic, imaginative, rhythmic, and emotional canvases that convey far more than the mere appearance of the subject.
  • Although the source of much upset during his life, Van Gogh’s mental instability provided the frenzied source for the emotional renderings of his surroundings and imbued each image with a deeper psychological reflection and resonance.
  • Van Gogh’s unstable personal temperament became synonymous with the romantic image of the tortured artist. His self-destructive talent that was echoed in the lives of many artists in the twentieth century.
  • Van Gogh used an impulsive, gestural application of paint and symbolic colors to express subjective emotions. These methods and practice came to define many subsequent modern movements from Fauvism to Abstract Expressionism.

http://www.theartstory.org/artist-van-gogh-vincent.htm

Examples of work:

Self-Portrait,(1887), Oil on artist’s board, mounted on cradled panel , Van Gogh

 

“Starry Night Over the Rhone”,(1888), oil on canvas, Van Gogh

 

Wheat Field with Cypresses,(1888),Oil on Canvas, Van Gogh

 

“The Night CafĂ©”,(1888), Oil on Canvas, Van Gogh

 

EXPRESSIONISM KEY IDEAS

  • The arrival of Expressionism announced new standards in the creation and judgment of art. Art was now meant to come forth from within the artist, rather than from a depiction of the external visual world, and the standard for assessing the quality of a work of art became the character of the artist’s feelings rather than an analysis of the composition.
  • Expressionist artists often employed swirling, swaying, and exaggeratedly executed brushstrokes in the depiction of their subjects. These techniques were meant to convey the turgid emotional state of the artist reacting to the anxieties of the modern world.
  • Through their confrontation with the urban world of the early twentieth century, Expressionist artists developed a powerful mode of social criticism in their serpentine figural renderings and bold colors. Their representations of the modern city included alienated individuals – a psychological by-product of recent urbanization – as well as prostitutes, who were used to comment on capitalism’s role in the emotional distancing of individuals within cities.

http://www.theartstory.org/movement-expressionism.htm

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